York Mystery Plays

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What are the York Mystery Plays?

York Mystery Plays are a magnificent example of medieval drama. Using the colourful language of medieval Yorkshire, they present the 'history of the world' from the mystery of God's Creation, through the birth, death and resurrection of Christ, to the Last Judgement.

Herald announces 1954 PlaysTo the townspeople who first drew together to perform and watch what they called the Corpus Christi Plays, the battle between Good and Evil was not theoretical theology, but an all-pervading fact of life. Disease and sudden death were an ever-present threat.  The Plays taught a simple message, but not in a simple way. Whereas the Bible was in Latin, these plays were in English.  Written to appeal to all sections of the community, they were sophisticated, often lavish, always theatrical.  Here is an article about the history of the Plays by the City Archivist.
2002 Last Judgement
The Cycle of Plays is made up of a number of individual pageants: 48 are known.  These separate episodes were originally presented on wagons through the streets, by York's guilds of craftsmen: their crafts were also known as 'mysteries', hence the name of the Plays. Different guilds often presented appropriate scenes, so for example the Shipwrights were responsible for the Building of the Ark, while the Butchers played the Death of Christ. A list of the guilds and plays is available on this page of the archive.

Revived in the ruins of St Mary's Abbey in 1951 as part of the Festival of Britain, they used text transcribed by Rev. J. S. Purvis from British Library manuscript, Add MS 35290.  The Plays have been performed many times since in a variety of venues - always by an enthusiastic volunteer cast to an enthralled audience.  This is indeed the 'greatest story ever told'.  Recent productions:

2012 - In Museum Gardens, produced by York Theatre Royal
2014 - On wagons around York, produced by York Guilds
2016 - In York Minster, produced by the Dean and Chapter
2018 - On wagons around York, produced by York Guilds
2022 - On wagons around York, and in the Shambles Market, led by York Guilds

 Below left, young Eve bites the apple which she just offered to young Adam (2012). Below right, Jesus is baptised (Ehren Mirau, 2014).  Ehren played Judas in the Minster 2016 production (cast list here).
Young Adam and Eve 20122014 Baptism of Christ


angels - scrapbook
From a donor's scrapbook, here is Stonegate in 1992.  Below left is a 2018 wagon, Abraham and Isaak, in rehearsal. Props include sticks for the fire for the sacrifice, and a donkey to carry them.  On this page you will find a list of all the website pages to help you navigate.Abraham and Isaak play in rehearsal